United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2008-14)
Navanethem (Navi) Pillay served as United Nations (U.N.) High Commissioner for Human Rights from September 2008-14. Prior to this position, Ms. Pillay was elected in 2003 as a judge on the International Criminal Court. In 1995, Ms. Pillay was appointed as acting judge on the South African High Court, and in the same year was elected by the U.N. General Assembly to be a judge on the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, where she served a total of eight years, the last four (1999-2003) as President. Before her international legal career, Ms. Pillay was the first woman to start a law practice in her home province of Natal in 1967. She also worked as a lecturer at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, and later was appointed Vice-President of the Council of the University of Durban Westville.
As a member of the Women’s National Coalition in South Africa, she contributed to the inclusion of an equality clause in the country’s Constitution that prohibits discrimination on grounds of race, religion and sexual orientation. She co-founded Equality Now, an international women’s rights organization, and has been involved with other organizations working on issues relating to children, detainees, victims of torture and of domestic violence, and a range of economic, social and cultural rights. Ms. Pillay received a BA and a LLB from Natal University South Africa. She also holds a Master of Law and a Doctorate of Juridical Science from Harvard University.